Service Discovery for Modern Distributed Applications

I am starting a new blog series (with no end date) from today. In this series, I will pick a topic and go in-depth so that I don’t just scratch the surface of the topic. The goal is to build a habit of learning each week and share it with the community. For the next few months, I will write on different aspects of building distributed systems. Each Wednesday, you may expect a new post.

I am sure we all have built applications where one application uses another application to do its job. Most of the time, applications communicate with each other using HTTP REST API but it can be other communication mechanisms like gRPC, Thrift, Message Queues as well. For example, if you are building an application that needs Twitter service for fetching tweets. To call Twitter API, you will need the API URL and access keys to make a successful API call. Most often we rely on static configuration either in the form of a configuration file or environment variable to get the API URL. This approach works fine when you are working with third party APIs like Twitter as their API URLs do not change often. The static configuration approach fails when we build a Microservices architecture based application. The definition of Microservices that I like is by Martin Fowler as described in his blog,

Microservice architecture style is an approach to developing a single application as a suite of small services, each running its own process and communicating with lightweight mechanisms, often an HTTP resource API.

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