Developing Single Page Web Applications using Java 8, Spark, MongoDB, and AngularJS

In this post you will learn how to use a micro framework called Spark to build a RESTful backend. The RESTful backend is consumed by a single page web application using AngularJS and MongoDB for data storage. I’ll also show you how to run Java 8 on OpenShift. Read the full blog here

Using Siege for quick and dirty load test — Apache Benchmark Alternative

Today, I wanted to run a quick and dirty load test on one of my applications. One of the alternative that most of the developers are aware of is Apache Benchmark(or ab). For some reason, ab does not work on my mac book because of Connection reset by peer errors. So, I looked around and found Siege. It is very similar to ab and works well on mac.

To test the GET request, you would run

siege -c 100 -r 100

To test the POST request, you would run

siege -H 'Content-Type:application/json' " POST < ./data.json" -c 10 -r 1000

XWiki on OpenShift

1. Create an OpenShift application using following command
$ rhc app-create xwiki jbosseap –gear large

2. Downloaded the xwiki war file from the official web site.

3. Extracted the war file using $ jar xfv xwiki.war

4. Downloaded three jars — guice-servlet, guice, and h2 from and placed the jars in WEB-INF/lib directory. The application expects these jars but don’t bundle them.

5. Update the hibernate.cfg.xml. Basically, we have commented out hsql and uncommented h2. The NullPointerException that you were seeing was because xwiki does not work with JNDI datasource so you have to bind the url manually. If you want to use postgres or mysql then use proper connection url, username, password etc.

6. Pack the war file again using $jar cfv ROOT.war .

7. Copy the artifact to deployments folder in your app source code. Please delete src/ and pom.xml as you are deploying war file.

8. Git commit and push the war.

9. Check the logs.

Using Python Flask Jinja2 with Mustache

Today I was building a single page web application using Python Flask framework and Backbone.js and faced a problem where Jinja2 was parsing the mustache template. Both Jinja2 and Mustache use {{}} in their templates. When a user makes a first request, I render index.html that contains all my mustache templates as well. The solution to avoid Jinja2 from parsing Mustache templates is to put all the templates inside  {% raw %} and {% endraw %} as shown below.

{% raw %}
<script type="text/template" id="company-template">
	<a href="#companies/{{id}}/jobs" class="list-group-item">
    	<h4 class="list-group-item-heading">{{name}}</h4>
    	<p class="list-group-item-text">{{description}}</p>
{% endraw %}

PostgreSQL learning

To find out the location of PostgreSQL configuration files, just connect with your PostgreSQL database and run the following command.

SELECT name, setting FROM pg_settings WHERE category = 'File Locations';

To describe a table, you should use

\d+ table_name

To list all the databases,you should run following command.


To view all the tables in a schema

\dt+ pg_catalog.pg_t*

To view core settings of a PostgreSQL server, you should use


To view value of a specific setting like effective_cache_size

SHOW effective_cache_size;

To reload the configuration changes

SELECT pg_reload_conf();

To create a new LOGIN user

CREATE ROLE shekhar LOGIN PASSWORD 'p@ssw0rd';

To create a new database


Schema are logical compartments in a database. You can divide your database into small logical schemas.


To view all the available extensions

SELECT * from pg_available_extensions;

To view details about an extension
To view all the available extensions

\dx+ plpgsql;

To install an extension and view its details

postgres=# CREATE EXTENSION fuzzystrmatch;
postgres=# \dx+ fuzzystrmatch;
                    Objects in extension &quot;fuzzystrmatch&quot;
                             Object Description
 function difference(text,text)
 function dmetaphone(text)
 function dmetaphone_alt(text)
 function levenshtein(text,text)
 function levenshtein(text,text,integer,integer,integer)
 function levenshtein_less_equal(text,text,integer)
 function levenshtein_less_equal(text,text,integer,integer,integer,integer)
 function metaphone(text,integer)
 function soundex(text)
 function text_soundex(text)
(10 rows)

To view the active running processes

postgres=# SELECT pid, usename from pg_stat_activity;
 pid  | usename
 1982 | postgres
 2742 | postgres
 2236 | postgres
 2723 | shekhar
 2744 | postgres
(5 rows)

To kill a connection

postgres=# SELECT pg_terminate_backend(2723);
(1 row)

To kill all the connection by user shekhar

SELECT pg_terminate_backend(pid) FROM pg_stat_activity where usename = 'shekhar';

To run a script file, run the following command.

psql -f &lt;path_to_filefile&gt;

You can also run commands with psql non-interactively

psql -d mydb -c &quot;CREATE SCHEMA test;&quot;

The \set command can be used to create user defined shortcuts like as shown below.

\set connections_check 'SELECT pid, usename from pg_stat_activity;'

The .psqlrc file can be used to define configurations for a session. You can use PSQLRC environment variable to control the location of the startup file.

\pset null 'Null'
\encoding latin1
\set PROMPT1 '%n@%M:%&gt;%x %/#'
\set PROMPT2
\timing on
\pset pager always

To turn on timing for the queries execution time


You can call OS shell commands from within psql as shown below.

admin2pnvtk8:myapp#\! env|grep POSTGRES

To view uptime of your PostgreSQL database in minutes, run the following query.

myapp=# select date_trunc('minute',current_timestamp - pg_postmaster_start_time()) as &quot;postgresql_uptime&quot;;
(1 row)

How to Host your Java EE Application with Auto-scaling

OpenShift is an auto-scalable Platform as a Service. Auto-scalable means OpenShift can horizontally scale your application up or down depending on the number of concurrent connections. OpenShift supports the JBoss application server, which is a certified platform for Java EE 6 development. As an OpenShift user, you have access to both the community version of JBoss and JBoss EAP 6(JBoss Enterprise Application Platform) for free. In this blog post, we will learn how to host a scalable Java EE 6 application using a JBoss EAP 6 server cluster running on OpenShift. Read the full blog here